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Anthropogenic: Caused, produced, influenced and/or impacted by humans

Aquifer: A geological formation of permeable rock that contains or conducts groundwater

Arid: Hot, dry climatic conditions

Aspirational Targets: Similar to a vision statement. The question asked is ‘what do we want the region to look like in 50 years?’ ‘What do we want in the future?’ ‘Where do we want to be?’

Asset: Something that is valuable, useful and/or it contributes to the success of something. In the context of this plan, an asset refers to the values we wish to protect

Asset Identification Workshop: Workshops held within the Rangelands sub-regions, that aimed to identify assets of the relevant sub-region

Biodiversity: The number, variety and genetic variation of living organisms in the world or in a particular habitat

Biodiversity Fund: A federal government fund which supports land owners in projects aimed at establishment, restoration, protection and management of native vegetation

Biodiversity Hot Spot: An area featuring a significant level of biodiversity that is under threat from humans

Biogeographic: The geographical distribution of living organisms (See also IBRA)

Biogeographic Interzone: The area between biogeographic zones

Biology/Biological: Relating to, caused by or affecting living organisms

Bioregion: A large, geographically distinct area bounded by natural borders with characteristic flora, fauna and environmental communities that constitutes a natural ecological community

Capacity Building: Capacity building is a conceptual approach to development that focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit people, governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations from realizing their developmental goals while enhancing the abilities that will allow them to achieve measurable and sustainable results

Carbon Farming: The Carbon Farming Initiative is a carbon offsets scheme established by the Australian Government to provide new economic opportunities for farmers, forest Initiative growers and landholders and help the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. It is a key component of the Australian Governments Clean Energy Future Plan

Carbon sequestration: The process of capturing, removing and storing atmospheric carbon

Caring for Country: An Aboriginal term which describes the protection and management of natural and cultural resources

CfoC: The Caring for OUR Country Program is a Commonwealth Government initiative that funds the management of natural resources

Climate Change: A long term change in the Earths weather, including changes in wind patterns, rainfall and temperature. In particular climate change can refer to an increase in the temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere caused by an increase in certain gases, especially carbon dioxide

Community: A social group of any size whose members are linked through a common location, organisation or cultural group

Community Engagement: The process of working collaboratively with community groups to address issues that impact the wellbeing of those groups and the overall community

Conservation Status: An indicator of how likely a species is to remain alive in their natural habitat at present or in the near future

Country: The entire natural landscape; biological, geological and cultural. The term Country incorporates people, animals, plants and land and encompasses the physical, spiritual and cultural meaning of the landscape

Criteria: A principle or standard by which a judgement or decision can be based

Cultural Bloc: A cultural sphere of influence related through language, laws and belief systems; a sub-regional grouping usually encompassing several language groups sharing similar cultures.

Desert: A dry region of little rainfall, extreme temperatures and sparse vegetation

Endemic: Belonging exclusively or confined to a particular space

Geology/Geological: The Earth’s physical structure, substance, history and processes

Goal: A desired long-term outcome; something to aim for

Hydrology: The properties, distribution and effects of water on the Earth’s surface

IBRA: Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia: A biogeographic regionalisation of Australia, developed by the Australian Government for use as a planning tool

Indigenous/Aboriginal Partnership: The State Governments Indigenous policy to facilitate the full, effective and equitable participation of Traditional Owners and Indigenous people in all Framework aspects of land and natural resource management

Indigenous/Aboriginal People: Relating/referring to, or characteristic of the native peoples of Australia

Indigenous Knowledge: Knowledge created, maintained, embedded and owned by regional and local Indigenous/Aboriginal people

INFFER: Investment Framework for Environmental Resources: A tool for developing and prioritising projects to address environmental issues

Intellectual Property: The property of a person’s intellect or mind. It can include a practice, process, performance, tool or production

Management Action Targets: Short term action areas that the sub-regions wish to undertake within the next 1-5 years. Such actions will assist the sub-regions in achieving their resource condition targets

Marine Park: An area of sea which is set aside to protect and preserve a specific habitat and ensure that the ecosystem is sustained for the organisms that exist there

National Park: An area of land that protects native organisms and their habitats, places of natural beauty, historic heritage and Aboriginal cultural heritage

Native Title: Recognition by Australian law that some Aboriginal/Indigenous people have rights and interests to Country. These rights and interests arise from traditional laws and customs

Notable Asset: Assets identified as locally significant. These are generally modest in scale, however noteworthy and most are nested within assets at higher levels

Objectives: Practical, measurable targets which when met, ensure the goal is achieved

Peak Regional Aboriginal: The four representative regional Aboriginal organisations (RAOs) for land, law, language and culture; the Kimberley Language Resource Centre (KLRC), Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre, (KALCC), the Kimberley Land Council (KLC), and the Kimberley Aboriginal Pastoralists Incorporated (KAPI)

Ramsar convention: An international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, to stem the progressive encroachment on and loss of wetlands now and in the future, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value

Rangelands: Regions of low rainfall and highly variable climate of arid and semi-arid regions

Regional Strategic Plans: All NRM regions are required by the commonwealth to have a regional strategic plan. Regional Strategic Plans contain the goals and aspirations of the community for the protection and sustainable management of natural resources within the region

Resource Condition Target: Specific, time bound, measurable targets that relate to the condition of the natural resources within the Rangelands. The timeframe for such targets are usually 10-20 years. 

Significant Asset: An asset of high to very high significance where there is potential for major investment or protection measures to maintain or enhance their values

Stakeholder: A person, group, organisation, member or system with a direct interest or investment in the cultural and natural resource management of the Rangelands regions

Strategy: A comprehensive plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall aim or vision

Sustainable: Capable of being maintained at a certain rate or level without exhausting resources or causing serve damage

Tenure: The conditions under which land is held or occupied

Threat: Something such as a person, plant, animal, organism, activity or event that is likely to cause harm. In terms of assets, a threat is a potential impact that is likely to cause harm to an asset

Traditional Owners: Aboriginal people who have a cultural connection to Country and are recognised as belonging within their cultural group

Umbrella Asset: Generally very large scale (e.g. Fitzroy River) or aggregations of entities (e.g. species of plants and animals with similar ecological requirement or threats). These are assets are of exceptional or at least very high significance and they are too large and complex to effectively manage in their entirety. They do however form an umbrella for component significant or notable assets

Vegetation: The plants of a particular area, region or period

World Heritage Site: A natural or man-made site, area or structure that is recognised as being of outstanding international importance and therefore as deserving special protection


ABARE: Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics

ACC: Area Consultative Committee

AGO: Australian Greenhouse Office

ALT: Aboriginals Lands Trust

ARC: Australia Research Council

AQIS: Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service

BMP: Best Management Practices

CALM: Department of Conservation and Land Management

CDEP: Community Development and Employment Program

CDI: Catchment Demonstration Initiative

CENRM: Centre of Excellence in Natural Resource Management, University of Western Australia

CfoC: Caring for Our Country Program

CNRM: Cultural and Natural Resource Management

CSIRO: Commonwealth Science and Industry Research Organisation

CTS: Carbon Trading Scheme

DAFF: Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry

DAFWA: Department of Agriculture and Food

DAWA: Department of Agriculture

DEC: Department of Environment and Conservation

DEEWR: Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations

DEH: Department of Environment and Heritage

DEWHA: Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts

DHW: Department of Housing and Works

DIA: Department of Indigenous Affairs

DoE: Department of Environment

DoF: Department of Fisheries

DoW: Department of Water

DPA: Dampier Port Authority

DPI: Department of Planning and Infrastructure

DRF: Declare Rare Flora

DSEWPC: Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities

EEI: Engineering Evaluation Initiative

EK: Environs Kimberley

EMS: Environmental Management Systems

EPBC: Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation

ESRM: Ecological Sustainable Rangeland Management

FESA: Fire and Emergency Services Association

FPC: Forest Products Commission

GL: Gigalitres

GPS: Global Positioning System

GRDC: Grains Research and Development Corporation

GSINR: Great Sandy Island Nature Reserve

IBRA: Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia

ICWFN: Indigenous Community Water Facilitation Network

IK: Indigenous Knowledge

ILC: Indigenous Land Corporation

IMCRAS: Interim Coastal and Marine Regionalisation for Australia

INFFER: Investment Framework for Environmental Resources

IP: Intellectual Property

IPA: Indigenous Protected Areas

IWP: Integrated Wood Processing

IWPG: Indigenous Water Policy Group

KALACC: Kimberley Aboriginal Law and Culture Centre

KAPI: Kimberley Aboriginal Pastoralists Incorporated

KDC: Kimberley Development Commission

KFMP: Kimberley Fire Management Project

KLC: Kimberley Land Council

KLRC: Kimberley Language Resource Centre

KNRM: Kimberley Natural Resource Management Group

KPIA: Kimberley Primary Industry Association

KRFMP: Kimberley Regional Fire Management Project

KRI: Kimberley Ranger Initiative

LCDC: Land Conservation District Committee

LG: Local Government

LSMU: Land and Sea Management Unit

MAT: Management Action Target

MATS: Management Action Targets

MPA: Marine Protected Areas

MTDP: Marine Turtle and Dugong Project

MtF: Matter for Target

NACC: Northern Agricultural Catchments Council

NAILSMA: Northern Australian Indigenous Land and Sea Management Alliance

NAP: National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality

NAQS: Northern Australia Quarantine Strategy

NAR: Northern Agricultural Region

NGO: Non Government Organisation

NHL: National Heritage Listing Project

NHT: Natural Heritage Trust

NLP: National Landcare Program

NLWRA: National Land and Water Resource Audit

NOTPA: New Opportunities in Tropical Agriculture Project

NRM: Natural Resource Management

NRS: National Reserve System RNRM (RCG) Rangelands Natural Resource Management Regional Coordinating Group

OIC: Ord Irrigation Co-operative

OLW: Ord Land and Water

OLWMP: Ord Land and Water Management Plan 2000

ORIA: Ord River Irrigation Area

PEC: Priority Ecological Community

PHPA: Port Headland Port Authority

PMMC: Pilbara Mesquite Management Committee Inc

PMP: Property Management Plan

PYCAL: Potential Yield Calculator

QA: Quality Assurance

RCG: Rangelands Co-ordinating Group

RCM: Resource Condition Monitoring

RCT: Resource Condition Target

RNRM: Rangelands Natural Resource Management

SEEKS: Save Endangered East Kimberley Species

SME: Small to medium Enterprises

STF: Strategic Tree Farming

TAFE: Technical and Further Education Kimberley

TEC: Threatened Ecological Community

TOs: Traditional Owners

TRaCK: Tropical Rivers and Coastal Knowledge Project

TWG: Technical Working Group

UCL: Unallocated Crown Land

UNESCO: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UWA: University of Western Australia

VTS: Voluntary Trading Scheme

WA: Western Australia

WAFMA: West Arnhem Fire Management Agreement

WALFA: West Arnhem Land Fire Abatement Project

WC: Water Corporation

WDE: Wheatbelt Drainage Evaluation

WOC: Working on Country Program

WoNS: Weed of National Significance

WWF: World Wildlife Fund